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2015|16 Annual Report Fraunhofer IGB

116 1 MORGENSTADT – CITY LAB TBILISI Marius Mohr System analysis for the sustainable city of the future It was with good reason that the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research choose the motto “Year of Science: City of the Future” for the year 2015. Cities occupy a key role in the sustainable development of humankind. In 2012, the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft launched the Morgenstadt Initiative with partners from science, municipalities and industry in order to give an impulse for the sustainable development of cities. One outcome was the City Lab – the development of a methodology for the system analysis of cities. The City Lab is based on Frederic Vester’s model of sensitivity analysis [1] and the aim is to identify the principal action areas of a city for its future development. Tbilisi becomes a City Lab Financed within the framework of the cooperation with Geor- gia from funds of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development and with a contribution pro- vided by the City of Tbilisi itself, a City Lab in Tbilisi (Georgia) is being conducted under the leadership of Fraunhofer IGB from June 2015 to March 2016. The aim of the ity ab is to create a sustainability profile and a roadmap for the sustainable development of a city. A total of 16 different sectors are being examined; taken together, these should provide an almost complete picture of the vari- ous action fields in a city irst of all, details of appro imately uantifiable indicators are collected and correlated with comparable cities Then, appro action fields from the various sectors are assessed to find out to what e tent the city in question is already active in each area. Finally, impact factors are determined that are particularly relevant for the city being analyzed and that could explain the developments which have taken place there. These factors may also have an impact on future developments. On-site assessment shows the need for action The crucial element in the City Lab is the on-site assessment. Over a period of two weeks the Morgenstadt city team carries out semistructured interviews, inspects important institutions and facilities and completes the collection of data. During the on-site-assessment in Tbilisi at the end of September/ beginning of October 2015 a total of 55 interviews were con- ducted with representatives of the municipal administration, universities, national ministries, non-government organiza- tions (NGOs) and private enterprises. On October 9, 2015 an Innovation Workshop was held in Tbilisi in which eight initial project ideas were discussed with about 40 actors from Tbilisi. Sustainability profile and concrete measures The sustainability profile of Tbilisi was drawn up on the basis of the on-site assessment. Parallel to this, in the course of creating the roadmap, a total of 19 project ideas were worked out from which the Tbilisi city administration selected eight that were further developed for the Project Development Workshop on January 29, 2016. This workshop planned and clearly defined the ne t steps for the selected pro ects These measures are to be set in motion immediately after the final presentation of the roadmap for sustainable development in March 2016. Results of the on-site assessment in Tbilisi As the capital of Georgia at the interface between Europe and sia, Tbilisi has a ma or influence on the development of this region in the Caucasus. On the one hand, the city, with its more than one million inhabitants, is characterized by an infrastructure dating back to the Soviet Union: housing devel- opments with prefabricated panel buildings and a basic, but in many cases outdated infrastructure, for example the under- ground Metro system and the central water supply system. ENVIRONMENT 2